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This Day in History – January 20, 2012

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1265 – In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster, now also known colloquially as the “Houses of Parliament”. 1576 – The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almanza. 1778 – First American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge MA 1783 – The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence). 1785 – Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Island), no takers 1788 – Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah GA 1801 – John Marshall is appointed the Chief Justice of the United States. 1807 – Napoleon convenes the great Sanhedrin in Paris 1809 – First US geology book published by William Maclure. 1840 – Dumont D’Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica 1841 – China cedes Hong Kong to the British 1868 – Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee 1869 – Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes First woman to testify before Congress 1870 – Ship “City of Boston” vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard 1870 – Hiram R Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis 1887 – The United States Senate allows the Navy to lease Pearl Harbor as a naval base. 1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is founded. 1929 – In Old Arizona, the first full-length talking motion picture filmed outdoors, is released. 1930 – First radio broadcast of “Lone Ranger” (WXYZ-Detroit) 1934 – Fujifilm, the photographic and electronics company, is founded in Tokyo, Japan. 1936 – Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom, succeeds King George V 1937 – First Inauguration day on Jan 20th, (FDR takes oath for the second time) 1939 – Hitler proclaims to German parliament to exterminate all European Jews 1942 – Japanese invade Burma 1942 – Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin deciding on “final solution” calling for extermination of Europe’s Jews 1945 – FDR sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as President.  He dies weeks later (April 12, 1945) and is succeeded by Harry S. Truman. 1949 – Point Four Program a program for economic aid to poor countries announced by United States President Harry S. Truman in his inaugural address for a full term as President. 1953 – First live coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower) 1953 – First US telecast transmitted to Canada-from Buffalo NY 1954 – The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations. 1961 – Robert Frost recites Gift Outright at John F. Kennedy’s inauguration to become the 35th President of the United States. 1964 – Meet The Beatles album is released in the United States. 1965 – JPL proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return 1969 – Richard M. Nixon is inaugurated as the 37th president of the United States. 1977 – George H.W. Bush, ends term as 11th director of CIA 1977 – Jimmy Carter inaugurated as 39th President of the United States 1980 – President Jimmy Carter announces U.S. boycott of Olympics in Moscow. 1980 – Super Bowl XIV Pittsburgh Steelers beat Los Angeles Rams, 31-19 in Pasadena; Super Bowl MVP Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, Quarterback 1981 – Twenty minutes after Ronald Reagan is inaugurated, at age 69 the oldest man ever to be inaugurated as U.S. President (69 years and 349 days),Iran hostage crisis releases 52 American hostages, seized from the American Embassy in Tehran, were released after 444 days in captivity. 1985 – Superbowl XIX: San Francisco 49ers beat Miami Dolphins, 38-16 in Stanford. Superbowl MVP is Joe Montana from San Francisco, quarterback. 1985 – Cold front strikes US, at least 40 die (-27ºF (-33ºC) in Chicago) 1985 – Super Bowl XIX San Francisco 49ers beat Miami Dolphins, 38-16 in Stanford; Super Bowl MVP Joe Montana, San Francisco, Quarterback 1986 – A railroad tunnel under the English Channel, also known as Chunnel, was announced to the public. 1986 – Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is celebrated as a federal holiday for the first time. 1987 – Church of England envoy Terry Waite is kidnapped in Lebanon. 1989 – George Herbert Walker Bush was inaugurated as the 41st President of the United States. 1989 – President Ronald Reagan becomes the First President elected in a “0” year, since 1840, to leave office alive. 1993 – William J. Clinton is inaugurated as the 42nd president of the United States. 1998 – Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducts Mama and Papas and Eagles. 2001 – George W. Bush is inaugurated as the 43rd president of the United States. 2006 – Witnesses report seeing a bottlenose whale swimming in the River Thames, the first time the species had been seen in the Thames since records began in 1913. 2007 – A three-man team, using only skis and kites, completes a 1,093-mile (1,759 km) trek to reach the southern pole of inaccessibility for the first time since 1958 and for the first time ever without mechanical assistance. 2009 – Hundreds of thousands of people watched in front of the Capitol and on the web as Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th president of the United States. Obama makes history as the first African-American U.S. president. 2010 – A week after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, a 6.1 magnitude aftershock strikes Haiti.]]]]> ]]>

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