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The American Almanac – November 7, 2011




was the first woman elected to the United States Congress. Jeanette Rankin was born on a ranch near Missoula Montana. She was the first of 11 children born to John Rankin, a rancher and builder who had emigrated from Canada, and all of Pickering a Yankee who is a former schoolteacher. Her parents were well-to-do and prominent in Montana affairs.  Jeanette, who never married, attended the University of Montana and graduated in 1902 with a degree in biology.  while on a visit to Boston in 1904 she was horrified at slum conditions and decided to enter social work. She enrolled in the New York school of philanthropy, hich later became part of Columbia University. After graduating she worked in Spokane, Washington and while they are she studied social legislation at the University of Washington. Ranking involved in the woman’s suffrage movement while she was in Washington and argued that slum conditions were worsened by women’s inability to vote. In 1910 and she returned to Montana to work for the Montana Equal Franchise Society. She declared that she was suspicious of governmental priorities set without a woman’s voice and argued that vote was women were being taxed without representation echoing the famous credo from the American Revolution.  Rankin was hired as an organizer by the New York Women’s Suffrage Party and National American Woman Suffrage Association. As a field secretary for NAWSA, Rankin directed a suffrage victory in North Dakota in 1913.  she quit the organization in the following year to return to Montana to help secure the passage of women’s suffrage there which was achieved in 1914. On November 7, 1916, Rankin was elected to the House of Representatives as a Republican from Montana, becoming the first female member of Congress. The 19th amendment which gave women the right to vote everywhere across the United States was not ratified until 1920, so during Rankin’s first term in Congress many women throughout the country did not have the right to vote. While in Congress, Rankin supported women’s suffrage, child protection laws and prohibition.  Wellington Rankin, her brother, served as her chief advisor and financial backer during her term. Though she cast one of 50 votes against the entering of World War I, Rankin devoted herself to selling liberty bonds and voted for the military draft. Her first term ended in 1919.  for the next two decades she worked as a lobbyist in Washington DC for various causes. She was the founding vice president of the ACLU, and a founding member of the Women’s International Leak for Peace and Freedom. In 1940, she was again elected to Congress, this time on an antiwar platform. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, she once again voted against entering a world war, the only member of Congress to do so. “As a woman, I can’t go to war and I refuse to send anyone else,” she said. Montana Republican leaders demanded that she change her vote but she refused.  She did not, however, vote against declaring war on Germany and Italy following their declaration of war on the US. Instead, she merely voted “present.” by 1942 her antiwar stance had become so unpopular that she did not seek real election. During the remainder of her life she traveled to India seven times and was a day of OT of Gandhian principles of nonviolence and self-determination. It has been 95 years since Jeannette Rankin was first elected to Congress. Since that time, there have been several dozens of women to serve in the United States Congress. At this time, there are several people vying for the Republican nomination for the office of President of the United States.  One of those people is a woman, namely Michele Bachmann, of Minnesota.  Jeannette Rankin died in 1973, we wonder what she would think about where women have come at this time in our history.]]]]> ]]>

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Mississippi Development Authority accepting applications for 2020 Aspire Mississippi program



From the Mississippi Development Authority:

The Mississippi Development Authority’s Asset Development Division is accepting applications for the 2020 Aspire Mississippi program. The program is designed to help communities become better places to live, work and visit through economic, community and workforce development.

“Participants of MDA’s Aspire Mississippi program master the leadership = community development = economic development model, sharpening their leadership skills to effectively develop their communities, which attracts private capital investment creating new jobs in their communities,” MDA Executive Director Glenn McCullough Jr. said in a statement. “Past participants of Aspire Mississippi demonstrated their commitment to bettering their communities through a variety of proactive projects that will bolster their economic development efforts for years to come.”

Aspire Mississippi provides support to counties as they identify marketable assets, allowing participants to increase industrial and economic development in their counties. The program helps communities develop projects that achieve significant and sustainable community and economic development outcomes. Curriculum focus areas include data-driven decision making and project mapping, as well as community, economic and workforce development.

The location for each session will alternate among the Aspire Mississippi counties. In addition to support from MDA, participants receive guidance from partners at the state’s universities, private businesses, nonprofit organizations, and state and federal agencies.

Each Aspire Mississippi team is typically formed through the local economic development office and consists of approximately eight to 10 local stakeholders committed to enhancing their knowledge in key community and economic development areas. Teams from the following counties recently graduated from the 2019 Aspire Mississippi program: Covington, Lawrence, Leake, Panola, Sharkey and Walthall.

The 2020 Aspire Mississippi program begins in April and will conclude in late fall with each team’s project presentations and a graduation ceremony.

The deadline to apply for the 2020 program is Monday, Feb. 3. To apply, go to For additional information, contact Ellen Bourdeaux with MDA’s Asset Development Division at 601-359-9333 or [email protected].

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Adopt-a-School training seeks to empower partnerships between churches and public schools



Pastor Tony Evans, the Urban Alternative

Vicksburg will play host to a unique training designed to help churches partner with local schools to transform individuals, families and communities.

The training, a project of Pastor Tony Evan’s Urban Alternatives organization, is part of a nationwide Adopt-a-School Initiative, which provides attendees “the building blocks for starting or enhancing the delivery of social services to urban youth and their families,” the organization’s website states. “Participants will receive an overview of the process for adopting public schools and creating programs, including school-based mentoring, to meet the vast needs of public-school youth and their families.”

The training is hosted by the Warren County Youth Court and Unite Mississippi, the parent organization of numerous faith-based organizations that have “a desire to make communities whole in a grass-roots way,” said Larry Nicks, deputy director of Unite Mississippi.

Recognizing that churches and faith-based organizations are probably the most influential organizations inside many communities in Mississippi, the Adopt-a-School program seeks to develop partnerships between churches and public schools and offer mentoring to children and families.

“Our prison population is growing, and our school literacy problem is getting worse. If we can tap into the school population at the third-grade level, then we can make a difference in the quality of graduates and, of course, our workforce,” Nicks said.

Mentoring at-risk children at an early age, particularly at the third-grade level, is crucial, he said. If children can’t read by third grade “they’ll never catch up and be on level in college and in life.”

The goal is not to only mentor children but to make the family whole through mentoring, job skills and more. Churches with resources will be partnered with churches with few resources.

The problem of literacy must be addressed before it gets to the justice or penal system, said Judge Marcie Southerland with the Warren County Youth Court.

“We have got to reach these children and their families when the children are … in second and third grade, not when they’re 13, 14 and on up to 17 years of age,” she said, adding, “I know this will work.”

“The kids we’re trying to reach are the kids that, for whatever reason, haven’t had proper mentoring and proper upbringing at home,” said Chip Miskelly, chairman of Unite Mississippi. “These are kids who are falling through the cracks.”

“What we’re trying to do more than anything else, is give these kids a fighting chance,” he added.

“It’s a holistic approach to reach not only the kids, but the families as a whole.”

In this one-day training, attendees will learn how to analyze the needs of the community, engage with a local school, recruit and develop volunteers and how to raise the necessary funds to support the endeavor.

The training is Jan. 23, from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., at the George Oaks Building at the Vicksburg-Warren County Hinds Community College Campus. Lunch will be served, sponsored by Mississippi Tobacco Free Coalition of Claiborne and Warren Counties.

Cost of the training is $75 per person, and everyone is welcome. The training is designed for pastors, church and community leaders, and for people who are stakeholders in public schools including parents and teachers, or those who may be interested in becoming stakeholders.

“This is a top-notch training” with a successful track-record of more than 30 years, said Michelle Johnson, a Unite Mississippi board member and Vicksburg coordinator for the training.

For more information or to register, see the Adopt-A-School website or call Bill Collins with Urban Alternatives at 1-800-800-3222, Pastors’ coordinator Pastor James Bowman at 601-529-2044 or Vicksburg coordinator Michelle Johnson at 601-715-0522.

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Vicksburg Chess Club provides a way to exercise the brain for adults and children



Vicksburg Chess Club

To many, chess is a complex board game that takes time and a great deal of focus to learn and play. It’s also a fun way to pass the time.

Chess is a great way to exercise the brain, too. Research has shown chess helps adults prevent or delay Alzheimer’s Disease, dementia and some mental illnesses. In children, it sparks an interest in math and science as it helps them improve critical thinking and abstract reasoning skills, and find solutions to complex problems.

Vicksburg schools understand the benefits of chess and have added the board game to their extracurricular activities with the help of the Vicksburg Chess Club.

“Right now the Chess Club is trying to promote chess in lots of areas,” said Dr. Donald Rathburn, a member of the Vicksburg Chess Club. “We have the grade-school programs. We run chess tournaments. We have a men’s championship and a women’s championship every year. We now have the Chess League that’s been going on for four years and that gives us a championship, and there are more possible tournaments.”

Each Tuesday and Thursday the club meets at the Vicksburg Mall, 3505 Pemberton Square Blvd., at 6 p.m. to play chess and improve their skills. Everyone is invited to join in to watch or play in the matches.

At the weekly club meetings, members and guests have an opportunity to learn different tactics and styles of the game.

“There is a variety of chess,” Rathburn said. “It isn’t just two people playing chess. That is, of course, the most common way to play chess, but it could be two people on two boards or it could be two people on one board. There’s even a thing called random chess.”

The Vicksburg Chess Club also holds monthly chess matches. The next meet is on Jan. 11, 2020, at 10 a.m. in the Vicksburg Mall and as always, the event is free and everyone is welcome. 

For more information or to join the Vicksburg Chess Club and enhance your mind simply join them at their weekly meetings.

“Just come out on Thursday nights to the Vicksburg Mall,” Rathburn said. “We’ll train you and show you how to play chess. I emphasize having a good time. If your ego is involved, I don’t think you should play chess. Accept the fact that when you lose, you’re learning.”

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